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                            ALMANCA DİL DERSLERİ

                            ALMANCA DİL DERSİ

                           ALMANCA KELİMELER

DANKE..........TEŞEKKÜR EDERİM..............DANKE

NAYN.............HAYIR.......................................NEİN

YA.................EVET.........................................JA

GUTIN TAG..........GÜNAYDIN....................GUTENTAG

GUTIN MORGIN....İYİ SABAHLAR...........GUTENMORGEN

HALO...................MERHABA......................HALLO

İH........................BEN.................................İCH

DU.......................SEN...............................DU

 

İH BİN............BEN...................................İCH BİN

DU BİST ..........SEN................................DU BİST

 

İH?..................BEN Mİ?...........................İCH

BİST DU?.......SEN MİSİN......................BİST DU

VAZ İST DAS......BU NEDİR?...............WAS İS DAS

AYN..............BİR......................................EİN

Vİ..................NASIL.................................WİE

VO...............NEREDE.............................WO

VAUM.........NİÇİN...................................WARUM

VER...........KİM........................................WER

VEM............KİME...................................WEM

VESEN.......KİMİN..................................WESSEN

VOLIN........İSTEMEK.............................WOLLEN

GEHIN.......GİTMEK................................GEHEN

VİSIN.......BİLMEK..................................WİSSEN

BROT.......EKMEK...................................BROT

VOHNIN...YAŞAMAK............................WOHNEN

 

ALMANCA DİYALOKLAR

- GUTIN TAG.....GÜNAYDIN.......GUTEN TAG

- GUTIN TAG.....GÜNAYDIN.......GUTEN TAG

İH BİN TANYA UND DU.....BEN TANYAYIM YA SİZ....İCH BİN TANJA UN DU

IH BİN SUSİ....BEN SUSİYİM...İCH BİN SUSİ

DAS İST PETER....BU PETERDİR.....DAS İS PETER

NAYN........HAYIR.................NEİN

NAYN?......HAYIR MI?.........NEİN?

NAYN, DAS İS HANS......HAYIR BU HANSTIR....NEİN DAS İST HANS

BİST DU TOMAS........SEN TOMAS MISIN?...BİST DU THOMAS ?

YA............EVET................JA

BİST DU ANNA.....SEN ANNA MISIN?...BİST DU ANNA

NAYN, İH BİN PETRA..HAYIR BEN PETRAYIM......NEİN İCH BİN PETRA

VO VONST DU TANYA....NEREDE YAŞIYORSUN TANYA..WO WOHNST DU TANJA

İH VONE İN BERLİN.......BEN BERLİNDE YAŞIYORUM.....İCH WOHNE İN BERLİN

VO BİST DU TANYA?...TANJA NEREDESİN....WO BİST DU TANJA

İH BİN HİA........BEN BURADAYIM.......İCH BİN HİER

VONIN Zİ HİA.... BURADA MI YAŞIYORSUNUZ?..WOHNEN SİE HİER

JA..VO VONST DU..EVET SİZ NEREDE YAŞIYORSUNUZ...JA, WO WOHNST DU?

YA.İH WONE AUH HİA..EVET BENDE BURDA YAŞIYORUM..JA İCH WOHNE AUCH HİER

UND VER BİST DU...YA SİZ KİMSİNİZ.......UND WER BİST DU?

İH BİN SUSİ....BEN SUSİ YİM....İCH BİN SUSİ

..........................................................................................................................

ALMANCA DİYALOKLAR VE YENİ KELİMELER

SETZIN...............OTURMAK..............SETZEN

ŞITEHIN.............KALKMAK...............STEHEN

RAUS................DIŞARI.....................RAUS

KOMIN...............GELMEK................KOMMEN

RAYN................İÇERİYE.................REİN

GUT..................İYİ..........................GUT

VİEZO................NİÇİN....................WİESO

DİH.................SENİ........................DİCH

FALŞ...............YANLIŞ...................FALSCH

RİHTİG.............DOGRU..................RİCHTİG

ALMANCA KELİMELER

GUTIN TAG..... MERHABA....GUTEN TAG

GUTUN ABIND.. İYİ AKŞAMLAR..GUTEN ABEND

GUTI NAHT...İYİ GECELER....GUTEN NACHT

VİE GEST ES İHNIN..NASILSIN...WİE GEST ES İHNEN

Vİ GEST...NABER.......WİE GEHT'S

DANKE GUT..SAGOL İYİLİK.........DANKE GUT

ZER GUT.. HARİKA.......SEHR GUT

ES GET..ŞÖYLE BÖYLE..ES GEHT

NİHT SO GUT...İYİ SAYILMAZ..NİCHT SO GUT

AUFVİDERSEHIN....BYE .....AUFWİDERSEHEN

CÜZ....BYE ...SONRA GÖRÜŞÜRÜZ..TSCHÜS

VAS MÖHTIN Zİ.........NE SEVERSİN..........WAS MÖCHTEN SİE

İH MÖHTI..BEN ....SEVERİM........İCH MÖCHTE

DARF İH........YAPABİLİRMİYİM........DARF İCH

KÖNIN Zİ MİR HELFIN..YARDIM EDERMİSİNİZ..KÖNNEN SİE MİR  HELFEN

BİTE..LÜTFEN..BİTTE

DANKE..TEŞEKKÜR...DANKE

DANKE ŞÖN...TEŞEKKÜR EDERİM DANKE SCHÖN

VİLEN DANK..ÇOK TEŞEKKÜR..VİELEN DANK

BİTE ŞÖN...........BİR ŞEY DEGİL........BİTTE SCHÖN

NAYN DANKE.......HAYIR SAGOL.......NEİN DANKE

ALMANCA TANIMLAMALAR

İH..BEN..İCH.

İH BİN 16 YAHI ALT..BEN ONALTI YAŞINDAYIM..ICH BİN 16 JAHRE ALT

DU..SEN..DU

KOMST DU MİT.. İLERİ GİELİYORMUSUN..KOMMST DU MİT

EA..O(ERKEK)..ER

İST EA DA..O BURADA MI.....İST ER DA

Zİ .....(O..DİŞİ) .....SİE

ES ...(O..CANSIZ)..ES

ÇOGUL

VİA.........BİZ.........WİR

İA..........SİZLER........İHR

Zİ..........ONLAR........SİE

Zİ.......SİZ.(KİBARCA)........SİE

AŞAGIDA SİZLER İÇİN SEÇMİŞ OLDUGUM ÜCRETSİZ ALMANCA ONLİNE KURSLARI VE EGİTİM SİTELERİNİN LİNKLERİNİ BULACAKSINIZ.. BU KURSLAR İNGİLİZCE AGIRLIKLI OLDUGU İÇİN İNGİLİZCENİZDE DE FAYDALI OLACAKTIR.. İNANIYORUM Kİ KISA ZAMAN İÇİN DE ALMANCA ÖGRENİP KONUŞABİLECEKSİNİZ.. EGER İSTERSENİZ SÜREKLİ İNTERNET BAGLANTINIZ YOKSA SİTEYİ VE DERSİ KAYDEDİP DAHA SONRA DA ÇALIŞABİLİRSİNİZ..KOLAY GELSİN

http://german.about.com/library/anfang/blanfang03audio.htm Bu sitede dersler ingilizce olarak veriliyor. Siteden faydalanmak için german lessons bölümüne tklayn ve srayla dersleri takip edebilirsiniz.

http://learno.com/german_popup_question_1481.html?gclid=CN6ft53l8IMCFToYQgodkFQhIA#question Bu sitede farkl olarak browserda size ingilizce olarak bir kelimeninin almanca karlgn soruyor..örnegin almanca da sabah nasl deniyor eklinde. Siz size sunulan secenegi tkladgnzda dogru yada yanl oldugunu ögreniyorsunuz.. daha sonra yeni soruya geçmek için see next gueston butonuna tklamanz gerekmekte..oldukca faydal bir site.

http://www.zapgerman.com/?gclid=CPHk7LHY8IMCFSOGQgodqWr1Lg Bu sitede ise sesli ögretim verilmekte..ögrendiginiz kelimelerin okunularn duyarak ögrenebilirsiniz..site baz gecikmeler yaatsada baglant hznz iyise sorun çkartcagn sanmyorum.

http://webgerman.com/german/ Bu site almancay ögretiyor. Dili ingilizce. Site resim agrlkl oldugu için açlmas biraz uzun sürüyor..Site yi açtgnzda konu balklarna tklayarak size yardmc olacak konulardan balayarak kendinizi gelitirebilrsiniz.

http://www.edgateteam.net/WL/WLLanguage/wl_languages_german.htm site dili ingilizce. Bu site size almanya ve almanca hakknda faydal olacak konu balklar ile sizleri baka sitelere yönlendiriyor. Alman kültürü ve tarihi hakknda bilgi almak istiyorsanz ve almanca ögreten linkleri bulmak istiyorsanz size faydal olacak bir site.

             BU BÖLÜM İNGİLİZCE OLARAK HAZIRLANMIŞTIR
 
 
Greetings quick review


Abend (pronounced: AH-bend)
The German word for "evening". Remember the difference between:
der Abend ->the evening
abends ->"on evenings"


abends (pronounced: AH-bends)
This means something like "in the evenings". E.g. "abends trinke ich ein Glas Wein", meaning "evenings" (usually every evening) I drink a glass of wine"


auf (pronounced: auf)
German for "on", "to", and in very few cases "until"


Auf Wiedersehen (pronounced: auf VEE-dah ZEH-hehn)
This means "good bye" in a more formal way. If you want to say "good bye" to your teacher, you must use "Auf Wiedersehen". It means literally "until we see each other again"


gehen (pronounced: GEH-hehn (with the same "g" as in "go"))
German for "to go"

Attention:
ich gehe
du gehst
er/sie/es geht
wir gehen
ihr geht
sie gehen
Sie (formal) gehen


Gott (pronounced: gott)
This means "God" in German. In Austria and the South of Germany, people often greet each other with "Grüß Gott!", which means "greet God!"


gut (pronounced: goot)
German for "good" or "well".
In case you greet and after "gut" comes "Morgen" or "Abend" or "Tag", you have to say "guten". That is because "Morgen", "Abend", or "Tag" are masculine words (nouns)


gute (pronounced: GOO-teh)
The "e" at the end of "gut" is there because "Nacht" is a feminine noun like "Hand" (hand), "Mutter" (mother), "Sonne" (sun)


hallo (pronounced: HAH-loh)
German for "hello"
E.g. You can say "Hallo, willkommen" which means "Hello, welcome" in German


Morgen (pronounced: MOHR-gehn)
German for "morning" when it is capitalized, article "der", masculine


Nacht (pronounced: nakhht)
The German for "night"


nicht (pronounced: neesht)
German for "not"


sehen (pronounced: ZEH-hehn)
German for "to see"

Please note:
ich sehe->I see
du siehst (pronounced: zeest)->you see
er/sie/es sieht (pronounced: zeet)->he/she/it sees
wir sehen->we see
ihr seht->you see
sie sehen->they see


Tag (pronounced: tahg)
German for "day" in German
E.g. "Guten Tag" means "Good day" in German and it is used to say "hello" in a more formal way


Tschüss (pronounced: tchis (the "I" sounds almost like the "I" from "first"))
The informal way of saying good bye. The formal way of saying good bye is Auf Wiedersehen


wie (pronounced: vee)
German for "How"
E.g. "Wie heißt du?" means "What's your name?" in German


wieder (pronounced: VEE-dah)
German for "again"


Greetings questions review

1) How do you say Hello in German?

2) How do you say morning in German?

3) How do you say good in German?

4) How do you say Good morning in German?

5) How do you say evening in German?

6) How do you say Good evening in German?

7) How do you say day in German?

8) How do you greet someone in a formal way in German?

9) How do you say night in German?

10) How do you say Good night in German?

11) How do you say to see in German?

12) How do you say again in German?

13) How do you say until in German?

14) How do you say Good bye in a formal way in German?

15) How do you say Bye! to your friends in German?
 

 How do you say no in German?  (ALMANCA HAYIR NASIL DENİR)
A ) nein  (NAYN)

Correct!
 
How do you say thanks in German? ( ALMANCA NASIL TEŞEKKÜR )
 
B ) danke  (DANKE)

Correct!


Yes, danke means thanks in German
(pronounced: DONE-keh)

How do you say No thanks! in German? (ALM. HAYIR TEŞEKKÜR)
 
B ) Nein danke! (NAYN DANKE)

Correct!


Yes, Nein danke! means No thanks! in German
(Pronounced: Nine DAANG-keh)
No
                            |
                           Nein danke
                                  |
                                thanks 
How do you say Sorry! in German? (ALMANCA AFFEDERSİNİZ)
 
 
B ) Entschuldigung!

Correct! See other answer

Yes, Entschuldigung! means Excuse me and Sorry! in German
(pronounced: end-SHOOL-dee-goong)

How do you say Welcome! in German? (ALM. HOŞ GELDİNİZ)

A ) Willkommen! (VİLKOMIN)

Correct! See other answer


Yes, Willkommen! means Welcome! in German
(pronounced: vill-COME-men)

How do you say Great! in German? (ALM. BÜYÜK)

B ) Toll! (TOLL)

Correct!

Yes, Toll! means Great! in German
(pronounced: tall)

How do you say please in German? (ALM. LÜTFEN)

B ) bitte (BİTE)

Correct!

Yes, bitte means please in German
(pronounced: bitteh)

How do you say I in German? (ALM. BEN)

B ) ich (İH)

Correct!

Yes, ich means I in German
(pronounced: Ish)

How do you say to understand in German? (ALM.  ANLAMAK)

A ) verstehen (FERŞTEHIN)

Correct!

Yes, verstehen means to understand in German
(pronounced: fair-SHTEH-hehn)

How do you say I don't understand in German?

(ALM. BEN ANLAMADIM)

A ) Ich verstehe nicht (İCH FERŞTEHI NİHT)

Correct!

Yes, Ich verstehe nicht means I don't understand in German
(pronounced: Ish fair-SHTEH-heh neesht)


                            I            not
                            |             |
                           Ich verstehe nicht
                                   |
                               understand
                           
How do you say Help in German? (ALM. İMDAT)
B
                           ) Hilfe! (HİLFE)

Correct!


Yes, Hilfe! means Help in German
(pronounced: HILL-feh
)
How
                           do you say to look for in German? (ALM. ARAMAK)
A ) suchen
                           (ZUHIN)

Correct!


Yes, suchen means to look for in German
(pronounced: ZOO-khhen)


 

How do you say I'm looking for in German?
(ALM. BEN ARIYORUM NASIL DENİR)
 
B ) Ich suche (İH SUHE)

Correct!


Yes, this is correct because Ich suche means I'm looking for in German
(pronounced: Ish ZOO-khheh)

                            I
                            |
                           ich suche
                               -----
                                 |
                           am looking for

Useful expressions quick review



bitte (pronounced: bitteh)
German for "please" Example: "zahlen, bitte" means "bill, please"


danke (pronounced: DAANG-keh)
The German word for "thanks"
An example is "Nein danke!", which means "No thanks!"
"Danken" means "to thank" in German.


Entschuldigung (pronounced: end-SHOOL-dee-goong)
The German word for "Excuse me" and "sorry". "Entschuldigen" means "to excuse"


hallo (pronounced: HAH-loh)
German for "hello"
E.g. You can say "Hallo, willkommen" which means "Hello, welcome" in German


Hilfe (pronounced: HILL-feh)
German for "help" as in "I need your help"


ich (pronounced: ish)
The German word for "I"


ja (pronounced: yah)
German for "yes"
E.g. "Ja danke!" means "Yes thanks!" in German


nein (pronounced: nine (as in English number 9)
German for "no"
Like "Nein danke", which means "No thanks" in German. There are many ways to say "no" in German. Depending on the region you may hear "nee", "net", "nöö"...


nein (pronounced: nine (as in English number 9)
German for "no"
E.g. "Nein danke!" means "No thanks!" in German


nicht (pronounced: neesht)
German for "not"


nichts (pronounced: neeshts)
German for 'nothing'


suchen (pronounced: ZOO-khhen)
German word for "to look for" or "to search"
E.g. "Ich suche Anna" means "I'm looking for Anna"

Attention:
ich suche
du suchst
er/sie/es sucht
wir suchen
ihr sucht
sie suchen
Sie (formal) suchen


toll (pronounced: tall)
This is a very often used expression in German for words like "Great!", "Wonderful!", "Excellent!", etc.


verstehe (pronounced: fair-SHTEH-he)
German for "I understand"


verstehen (pronounced: fair-SHTEH-hehn)
German for "to understand"
E.g. "Ich verstehe Deutsch" means "I understand German"


verstehen (pronounced: fair-SHTEH-hehn)
German for "to understand"
E.g. "Ich verstehe Deutsch" means "I understand German"


willkommen (pronounced: vill-COME-men)
German for "Welcome"
E.g."Willkommen in Deutschland" means "Welcome in Germany"

 

Useful expressions questions review


16) How do you say no in German?

17) How do you say thanks in German?

18) How do you say No thanks! in German?

19) How do you say Sorry! in German?

20) How do you say Welcome! in German?

21) How do you say Great! in German?

22) How do you say please in German?

23) How do you say I in German?

24) How do you say to understand in German?

25) How do you say I don't understand in German?

26) How do you say Help in German?

27) How do you say to look for in German?

28) How do you say I'm looking for in German?

NOUNS - Substantive
AUDIO Click on a linked word to hear it. (MP3)
NOMINATIVE SINGULAR
Artikel Gender Sample Nouns
der
ein
masc. der Bahnhof (train station), Sohn (son), Vater(father), Wagen (car), Zug (draft, parade, train)
AUDIO: Hear All the Masculine Nouns
die
eine
fem. die Anlage (installation, park), Dame (lady), Festung (fortress), Gesundheit (health), Luft(air)
AUDIO: Hear All the Feminine Nouns
das
ein
neut. das Boot (boat), Dach (roof), Geld (money), Jahr (year), Kino (cinema, movie theater), Radio
AUDIO: Hear All the Neuter Nouns
NOMINATIVE PLURAL
Artikel Gender Sample Nouns (Plurals)
die
keine
meine
plur.

die Bücher (books), Dächer (roofs), FENSTER(windows), Jahre (years), Radios  Söhne(sons), Zeitungen (newspapers)

Note: All nouns, of any gender, become die in the plural. (Ein can't be plural, but other so-called ein-words can: keine [none], meine [my], seine [his], etc.) That's the good news. The bad news is that there are about a dozen ways to form the plural of German nouns only one of which is to add an "s" - as in English. - See the lesson and quiz Gender Hints for more.
AUDIO: Hear All the Plural Nouns

                                   SELAMLAŞMALAR
 
 

Basics

Greetings and Farewells
Begrüßung und Abschied
Good day, Hello Guten Tag   GÜNAYDIN
Good evening Guten Abend İYİ AKŞAMLAR
Hi, Hello Hallo MERHABA
Grüß dich
   MERHABA
Grüezi (Switzerland)  MERHABA
Hi, Bye Servus (Austria) BYE
Bye Tschüs (informal)
Good-Bye

Auf Wiedersehen  ALLAHAISMARLADIK

              GÜNLER AYLAR

Days & Months

Days Wochentage Months Monatsnamen
Seasons     Jahreszeiten
Monday Montag p.tesi January Januar ocak
Tuesday Dienstag salı February Februar şubat
Wednesday Mittwoch çarşamba March März mart
Thursday Donnerstag perşembe April April nisan
Friday Freitag cuma May Mai mayıs
Saturday Samstag cumartesi June Juni haziran
Sunday Sonntag  pazar July Juli temmuz
week die Woche hafta August August ağustos
weekend das Wochenende hafta sonu September September eylül
month der Monat ay October Oktober ekim
year das Jahr November November kasım
season die Jahreszeit December Dezember aralık
       
spring Frühling summer Sommer yaz
fall Herbst winter Winter kış

 

                     AİLE BİREYLERİ
 

Family - die Familie

aunt

die Tante, -n Teyze,Hala

brother

der Bruder, "- E.Kardeş

child

das Kind, -er Çocuk

cousin (fem.)

die Kusine, -n  Kuzen

daughter

die Tochter, "- Kızkardeş

father

der Vater, "- Baba

grandchildren

die Enkel, - Ağbi

grandfather

der Großvater, "- / Opa, -s Büyükbaba

grandmother

die Großmutter, "- / Oma, -s Büyük anne

grandparents

die Großeltern, - Büyük aile

husband

der (Ehe)Mann, "-er Koca

wife die (Ehe)Frau, -en Eş

inlaws

die Schwiegereltern  Nikah

male cousin

der Vetter, -n  Erkek kuzen

mother

die Mutter, "- Anne

nephew

der Neffe, -n  Erkek yegen

niece

die Nichte, -n  Kız yeğen

parents

die Eltern Aile

partner (fem.)

die Partnerin, -nen Eş

siblings

die Geschwister Kardeşler

son

der Sohn, "-e Oğul

uncle

der Onkel, - Amca

                              GRAMAR--TENSLER..ZAMANLAR
 

The Present Tense  (Şimdiki Zaman)

In English, the infinitive (the basic form of the verb) is signalled by "to"; i.e. to learn, to play, to do.

İngilizcede basit olarak bu zamanda fiiller yalın halde kullanılır. Ögrenmek, oynamak yapmak gibi.

In German, the infinitive consists of the verb stem plus en or, less often, n; i.e. lernen, spielen, tun.

Almancada da fiiler bu zamanda yalın halde kullanılır. Sadece sonlarına öznelerine göre takı alır.

In English, verbs only have an ending in the third person singular; i.e. he/it/she learns, plays, does.

İngilizcede birinci tekil şahıslarda fiiler s takısı alır

 

Singular: Plural:
I learn  Ben ögreniyorum we learn Biz ögreniyoruz
you learn  Sen öğreniyorsun you learn sizler öğreniyorsunuz
he/it/she learns O ögreniyor they learn onlar öğreniyor

In German, all forms of the present tense have an ending. The verb stem is not changed, but the infinitive ending en or n is changed to:

Almancada şimdiki zamanda fiiller öznelerine göre takı alır

Singular: tekil Plural:Çoğul
ich lerne Ben öğreniyorum wir lernen Biz öğreniyoruz
du lernst Sen öğreniyorsun ihr lernt Sizler öğreniyorsunuz
er/es/sie lernt O öğreniyor sie lernen onlar öğreniyorlar
Sie lernen (siz öğreniyorsunuz)

Note than in the 1st and 3rd person plural the ending is identical to the infinitive ending; i.e. wir lernen, sie lernen. Therefore verbs with an n as their infinite ending also also end in n in the 1st and 3rd personal plural and in the Sie-form; i.e. wir tun, sie tun, Sie tun.

Note.Almancada birinci ve üçüncü şahıslarda fiil aynı takıyı alır. Ama almanca kibarca Sie (siz) olarak kullanılan tekil sahisla sie (onlar)karıştırılmamalı.

If the stem ends in d (like "finden") or t (like "arbeiten"), or in combinations like gn (like "regnen"), an e is inserted before the personal endings st and t.

Şayet fiilerin sonu d ("finden" gibi) ya da t ("arbeiten" gibi) ya da bu sıralamadaki gn gibi ("regnen" gibi) sonlarına en eklenir.. kişi zamirlerinde (o) gibi sonları e ile biten fiiler st ya da t eki alır.

Singular: tekil Plural: çogul
ich finde Ben bulurum wir finden Biz buluruz
du findest Sen bulursun ihr findet Sizler bulursunuz
er/es/sie findet o bulur sie finden Onlar bulurlar
Sie finden  siz Bulursunuz

Singular: Tekil Plural: Çogul
ich arbeite  Ben çalışırım wir arbeiten  Biz çalışırız
du arbeitest Sen çalışırsın ihr arbeitet Sizler çalışırsınız
er/es/sie arbeitet  o çalışır sie arbeiten onlar çalışırlar
Sie arbeiten Siz çalışıyorsunuz

If the stem ends in s, z, or ß, the personal ending in the 2nd person singular is t and not st:

Almancada bu zamanda sonu s,z, ya da ß ile biten fiiler ikinci tekil sahışlarda yanlızca t akısı alırlar. st takısı kullanılmaz.

Singular: Tekil Plural: Çogul
ich heiße  Benim ismim wir heißen Bizim ismimiz
du heißt Senin ismin ihr heißt Sizlerin ismi
er/es/sie heißt onun ismi sie heißen Onların ismi
Sie heißen  Sizin isminiz

                       ALMANCA YENİ KELİMELER
 
 

Travel - Reisen-Seyahat

airplane

das Flugzeug, -e  Uçak

airport

der Flughafen, "- Havaalanı

arrival

die Ankunft, "-e  Varmak

bicycle

das Fahrrad, "-er  Bisiklet

boat

das Boot, -e  Bot , Sandal

to book

buchen  Kitap

bus

der Bus, -se Otobüs

car

das Auto, -s  Otomobil

departure

die Abreise, -n  hareket etme, kalkış, ayrılış gitme

to fly

fliegen Uçmak

luggage

das Gepäck  Bagaj, eşya

passenger

der Passagier, -e  Yolcu

railwaystation

der Bahnhof, "-e İstasyon, gar

to reserve

reservieren   Rezervasyon

to ride

reiten Binmek, sürmek

to sail

segeln  Deniz yolculuğu yelkenli

schedule

der Fahrplan, "-e  liste, program

seat

der Sitzplatz, "-e  Oturma yeri

ticket

der Fahrschein, -e   Bilet

train

der Zug, "-e / die Eisenbahn, -en Tren

travel plans

die Reisepläne Seyahat planı

to wait

warten   Beklemek

                            ALMANCA FİİLER  HABEN (SAHİP OLMAK)

                        SEİN (OLMAK FİİLİ)  ŞİMDİKİ ZAMAN

The two most important German verbs are haben (to have) and sein (to be). As in most languages, the verb "to be" is one of the oldest verbs in German, and therefore one of the most irregular. The verb "to have" is only slightly less irregular, but no less vital to surviving in German.

Almanca da iki önemli fiil vardır. Bunlar Haben (sahip olmak) ve Sein  (Olmak) fiileridir.

We'll start with haben. Look at the following table for the conjugation of haben (to have) in the present tense, along with sample sentences. Notice the strong resemblance to English for many forms of this verb, with most forms only one letter off from the English (habe/have, hat/has). In the case of the familiar you (du), the German verb is identical to Old English: "thou hast" = "du hast."

Biz haben ( olmak) fiilini öğrenmeye başlayabiliriz. Öncelikle tabloya bakarak haben fiilinin şimdiki  zamanda nasıl kullanıldığını öğrenelim.

Haben is also used in some German expressions that are translated with "to be" in English: Ich habe Hunger. = I'm hungry.

                                                     haben (olmak)

Deutsch English Sample Sentences
SINGULAR

ich habe

I have Ich habe einen roten Wagen. (...a red car.) Benim kırmızı arabam var
du hast you (fam.)
have

Du hast mein Buch. (...my book.)Kitabım sendedir.

er hat he has Er hat ein blaues Auge. (...a black eye.)O siyah gözlere sahiptir
sie hat she has

Sie hat blaue Augen. (...blue eyes.)  O mavi gözlere sahiptir

es hat it has Es hat keine Fehler. (...no flaws.) o hatasızdır
PLURAL
wir haben we have Wir haben keine Zeit. (...no time.) zamanımız yok
ihr habt you (guys)
have
Habt ihr euer Geld? (...your money?) sizlerin parası var mı ?
sie haben they have Sie haben kein Geld. (They have no money.) Onlar parasızdır
Sie haben you have Haben Sie das Geld? (Sie, formal "you," is both singular and plural.) Paranız var mı

 

To be or not to be...
Sein oder nicht sein
...
  Olmak ya da olmamak...

Look at the following table for the conjugation of sein (to be) in the present tense. Notice how similar the German and English forms are in the third person (ist/is).

Tabloyu inceleyerek sein (olmak) filinin şimdiki zamanda nasıl kullanıldıgını öğrenecegiz.

sein
olmak fili şimdiki zamanda bin bist  ist sind seid şeklinde kullanılır
Deutsch English Sample Sentences
SINGULAR
ich bin I am Ich bin's. (It's me.) Ben..im
du bist you (fam.)
are
Du bist mein Schatz. (...my darling/treasure.) sen benim hazinem (sevgili)msin
er ist he is Er ist ein netter Kerl. (...a nice guy.) O hoş (çekici)  biridir
sie ist she is Ist sie da? (Is she here?) o burada mı?
es ist it is Es ist mein Buch. (...my book.) o benim kitabımdır
PLURAL
wir sind we are "Wir sind das Volk!" ("We are the people/nation!" - Slogan of 1989 East German protests in Leipzig.) Biz halkız
ihr seid you (guys)
are
Seid ihr unsere Freunde? (..our friends.) Sizler bizim arkadaşlarımızsınız
sie sind they are Sie sind unsere Freunde. (..our friends.)Onlar bizim arkadaşlarımızdır
Sie sind you are Sind Sie Herr Meier? (Sie, formal "you," is both singular and plural.) Siz bay mayer misiniz?

                        ALMANCA TÜRKÇE DİYALOKLAR
 
                                    EMİR CÜMLELERİ
 
ŞTEH BİTE AUF............AYAGA KALK................STEH BİTTE AUF
 
kOM  BİTE.................GEL LÜTFEN..................KOMM  BİTTE
 
GEH BİTE RAUS........DIŞARI ÇIK..............GEH BİTTE RAUS
 
KOM BİTE RAYN.......İÇERİ GEL...........KOMM BİTTE REİN
 
                                        BASİT CÜMLELER
 
İH ŞTEHI AUF.....AYAGA KALKIYORUM....İCH STEHE AUF
 
İH KOME..........BEN GELİYORUM.........İCH KOMME
 
İH GEHE RAUS....DIŞARI ÇIKIYORUM...İCH GEHE RAUS
 
İH KOME RAYN...İÇERİ GELİYORUM....İCH KOMME REİN
 
                   SETZT EUCH....SETZT DİCH...
 
GUTIN TAG KİNDEA..GÜNAYDIN ÇOCUKLAR..GUTEN TAG KİNDER
 
SETST OYH BİTE... HERKES OTURSUN LÜTFEN...SETZT EUCH BİTTE
 
ZETST DİH BİTE HANS..SENDE OTUR HANS..SETZT DİCH BİTTE,HANS
 
                                           WO İST?  NEREDE?
                             ........İST NİCHT HİER.... .....BURADA MI?
 
HANS?..VO İST HANS...HANS? HANS NEREDE?.....    WO İST HANS
 
HANS İST NİHT HİA..HANS BURADA DEGİL....HANS İST NİCHT HİER
 
HİA İST KLAUS...HANS BURADA....HİER İS HANS
 
 
                                         SAG MAL....TEKRAR SÖYLE
                             
                                       WER İST DAS...BU KİMDİR?

   ALMANCA SIFATLAR
 

Adjective Endings

German adjectives, like English ones, usually go in front of the noun they modify: "der gute Mann" (the good man), "das große Haus" (the big house/building), "die schöne Dame" (the pretty lady). Unlike English adjectives, a German adjective in front of a noun has to have an ending (-e in the examples above). Just what that ending will be depends on several factors, including gender (der, die, das) and case (nominative, accusative, dative). But most of the time the ending is an -e or an -en (in the plural). With ein-words, the ending varies according to the modified noun's gender (see below).

Almancada sıfatlar ismin önünde kullanılır. "der gute mann" iyi adam gibi.. Alamnca da sıfatlar ismin eril, dişi ya da cinsiyetsiz olmasına göre kendine  e ya da en eki alır.  Sıfatlar aynı şekilde ein kein  önünde de ekler alır.

Look at the following table for the adjective endings in the nominative (subject) case:

Aşagıdaki tabloda sıfatların kullanılış şekline ve aldığı ekleri öğrenelim.

With definite article (der, die, das) - Nominative case
AUDIO Click on a phrase to hear it spoken.
Masculine(eril)
der
Feminine (dişil)
die
Neuter (cinsiz)
das
Plural (çoğul)
die

der neue Wagen
the new car

yeni araba

die schöne Stadt
the beautiful city

güzel şehir

das alte Auto
the old car

eski araba

die neuen Bücher
the new books

yeni kitaplar

AUDIO: HEAR ALL FOUR PHRASES (MP3)

Hear all four phrases (MP3)


With indefinite article (eine, kein, mein) - Nom. case
AUDIO Click on a phrase to hear it spoken.
Masculine
ein
Feminine
eine
Neuter
ein
Plural
keine

ein neuer Wagen
a new car

yeni bir araba

eine schöne Stadt
a beautiful city

güzel bir şehir

ein altes Auto
an old car

eski bir araba

keine neuen Bücher
no new books

kitaplar yeni degildir

AUDIO: HEAR ALL FOUR PHRASES (MP3)

Hear all four phrases (MP3)

Note that with ein-words, since the article may not tell us the gender of the following noun, the adjective ending often does this instead (-es = das, -er = der; see above).

As in English, a German adjective can also come after the verb (predicate adjective): "Das Haus ist groß." (The house is large.) In such cases the adjective will have NO ending.

 

                                       ALMANCADA NASIL SÖYLENİR
 
How do you say Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday in German?
 
Almanca da Pazartesi salı çarşamba nasıl söylenir?
 
 
B ) Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch

Correct!


Yes, Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch means Monday,Tuesday, Wednesday in German
(pronounced: MOHN-tahg, DEENS-tahg, MITT-wog)

 

How do you say Thursday, Friday, Saturday in German?

Almanca da perşembe cuma cumartesi nasıl söylersin

B ) Donnerstag, Freitag, Samstag

Correct!


Yes, Donnerstag, Freitag, Samstag means Thursday, Friday, Saturday in German
(pronounced: DOH-nah-stahg, FRY-tahg, ZAHMS-tahg)

Can you which word means Sunday in German?

Almanca da pazar hangi kelimenin karşılığıdır?

 

B ) Sonntag

Correct!

Yes, Sonntag means Sunday in German.
(pronounced: ZONN-tahg)

How do you say January, February, March in German?
Almancada ocak, şubat,mart nasıl söylersin?
 
B ) Januar, Februar, März

Correct!

Yes, Januar, Februar, März means January, February, March in German
(pronounced: YAH-noo-ah, FEH-broo-ah, mehrts )



How do you say April, May, June in German?
Almancada Nisan mayıs Haziran nasıl söylenir?
 
A ) April, Mai, Juni

Correct!


Yes, April, Mai, Juni means April, May, June in German
(pronounced: a-PRILL, my, YOO-nee)


How do you say July, August, September in German?
Almancada temmuz ağustos eylül nasıl denir
 
A ) Juli, August, September

Correct!


Yes, Juli, August, September means July, August, September in German
(pronounced: YOO-lee, au-GOOST, zehp-TEM-bah)


Now, which of these options mean August, December and May in German?
 
Almancada agustos aralık ve mayıs nasıl söykenir?
 
A ) August, Dezember und Mai

Correct!


Yes, August, Dezember und Mai means August, December and May in German
(pronounced: au-GOOST, deh-TSEHM-bah oond my)

How do you say Seasons in German?
Almancada mevsim nasıl denir?
 
A ) Jahreszeiten

Correct!


Yes, Jahreszeiten means Seasons in German
(pronounced:YAAH-eztie)

Almanca da yaz ve sonbahar nasıl denir?
 
A ) Sommer, Herbst

Correct!


Yes, Sommer, Herbst means Summer, Autumn in German
(pronounced: ZOM mer, herbst)

 
 

SÖYLENİŞİ

    TÜRKÇESİ

ALMANCA YAZILIMI

SÖYLENİŞİ

TÜRKÇESİ

ALMANCA YAZILIMI

vo

Nerede

Wo

Fata

Baba

vater

Hia

Burada

Hier

Dort

Orada

Dort

Ver

Kim

Wer

Und

Ve

Und

Vas

Ne

Was

Komın

Gelmek

Kommen

Niht

Degil

Nicht

Raus

Dışarı

Raus

Hayse

isim

Heisse

Rayn

İçeri

Rein

dayn

Senin

Dein

Bite

Lütfen

Bitte

Mayn

Benim

Mein

Viezo

Niçin

Wieso

Falş

YANLIŞ

Falsch

Wonın

İkamet yaşamak

Wohnen

Rihtig

DOĞRU

Richtig

Auh

De- da

Auch

Muta

Anne

Mutter

Auf vidersehın

Bye

Auf widersehen

SÖYLENİŞİ

    TÜRKÇESİ

ALMANCA YAZILIM

zag mal, wer bin ich?

Tekrar söyle, ben kimim?

Sag mal, wer bin ich?

Du bist hanna

Sen hanna sın

Du bist Hanna

Falş, ih bin niht hanna

Yanlış. Ben hanna degilim

Nein, İch bin nicht Hanna

Du bist hanno

Sen Hanosun

Du bist Hanno

Richig, ih bin hanno

Doğru, ben hanoyum

Richtig! Ich bin Hanno

İh bin hans

Ben Hans ım

Ich bin Hans

İh bin hilde

Ben hilde yim

Ich bin Hilde

İh bin hayno

Ben hayno yum

Ich bin Heino

İh bin hanna

Ben hanna yım

Ich bın Hanna

Du bist anna

Sen anna sın

Du bist Anna

Ver bin ich?

Ben Kimim?

Wer bin ich?

SÖYLENİŞİ

    TÜRKÇESİ

ALMANCA YAZILIM

zag mal, wer bin ich?

Tekrar söyle, ben kimim?

Sag mal, wer bin ich?

Du bist hanna

Sen hanna sın

Du bist Hanna

Falş, ih bin niht hanna

Yanlış. Ben hanna degilim

Nein, İch bin nicht Hanna

Du bist hanno

Sen Hanosun

Du bist Hanno

Richig, ih bin hanno

Doğru, ben hanoyum

Richtig! Ich bin Hanno

İh bin hans

Ben Hans ım

Ich bin Hans

İh bin hilde

Ben hilde yim

Ich bin Hilde

İh bin hayno

Ben hayno yum

Ich bin Heino

İh bin hanna

Ben hanna yım

Ich bın Hanna

Du bist anna

Sen anna sın

Du bist Anna

Ver bin ich?

Ben Kimim?

Wer bin ich?

SÖYLENİŞİ

    TÜRKÇESİ

ALMANCA YAZILIM

Hayst du mişel

İsmin mişel mi

Heisst du michael?

Ya, ich hayse mişel

Evet ismim mişel

Ja, ich heisse Michael

İh hayse Hayno

İsmim Hayno dur

Ich heisse Heino

Ah zo, du bist hayno

Ah elbette, sen hayno sun

Ach so, du bist Heino

Ya, rihtig

Evet Doğru

Ja, richtig

Vo ist daynı muta ?

Annen nerede?

Wo ist deine Mutter?

Maynı muta ist dort

Annem, oradadır

Meine Mutter ist dort

Vi hayst dayn bruda

Kardeşinin ismi nedir?

Wie heisst dein bruder?

Mayn bruda hayst luts

Kardeşimin ismi luts dur

Mein bruder heisst lutz

Und daynı şıvesta

Ya senin kızkardeşinin ismi?

Und deine Schwester?

Maynı şıvesta hayst yutta

Kızkardeşimin ismi jutta

Meine Schwester heisst Jutta

Hören Sie zu! LISTEN TO GERMAN!

Drei Personen - Three People

People from Three Different Countries
Let's look at three imaginary people from three different German-speaking countries. We'll find out where they live (wohnen), what nationality they are, and the language they speak (sprechen).

AUDIO Click on speaker icon below to hear the German.
KARL

Karl wohnt in Berlin. Er ist Deutscher. Er spricht Deutsch.
Karl lives in Berlin. He's German. He speaks German. Karl,Berlinde yaşar. o almanca konuşur.

INGE Inge wohnt in Graz. Sie ist Österreicherin. Sie spricht Deutsch.
Inge lives in Graz. She's Austrian. She speaks German. Inge graz da yaşar.O avusturyalıdır. O almanca konuşur.
MARTIN Martin wohnt in Genf. Er ist Schweizer. Er spricht Französisch und Deutsch.
Martin lives in Geneva. He's Swiss. He speaks French and German.Martin isveç de yaşar.O fransızca ve almanca konuşur.

If we want to get this information from the three people, here's what we would ask (fragen) in German and what they would answer (antworten): Şayet istersek üç kişi arasındaki iletişimi görelim. Almanca ne soruyorlar ve onlar nasıl karşılık veriyorlar ögrenelim.

FRAGEN und ANTWORTEN
AUDIO Click on red speaker icon to hear
the questions & answers.
KARL Wo wohnen Sie? - Ich wohne in Berlin. Nerede yaşıyorsun- Berlinde yaşıyorum
Welche Nationalität haben Sie? - Ich bin Deutscher. Hangi millettensiniz-Ben Almanım
Welche Sprache sprechen Sie? - Ich spreche Deutsch. Hangi dili konuşursunuz- Almanca konuşuyorum
INGE Wo wohnen Sie? - Ich wohne in Graz.
Welche Nationalität haben Sie? - Ich bin Österreicherin.
Welche Sprache sprechen Sie? - Ich spreche Deutsch.
MARTIN Wo wohnen Sie? - Ich wohne in Genf.
Welche Nationalität haben Sie? - Ich bin Schweizer.
Welche Sprache sprechen Sie? - Ich spreche Französisch und Deutsch.
YOU Wo wohnen Sie? - Ich wohne in ____.
Welche Nationalität haben Sie?
- Ich bin Amerikaner/Amerikanerin.
- Ich bin Australier/Australierin.
- Ich bin Engländer/Engländerin.
Welche Sprache sprechen Sie?
- Ich spreche Englisch.

AUDIO Hören Sie zu! Hear the numbers in German! (below)


Die Zahlen 0-10 Sayılar 0-10

0  null 6  sechs
1  eins 7  sieben
2  zwei * 8  acht
3  drei 9  neun
4  vier 10  zehn
5  fünf * Often zwo is used to avoid
confusion with drei.

Hören Sie zu! LISTEN TO THE NUMBERS 0-10 in German! RealAudio.

Hören Sie zu! ALL Listening Exercises for Numbers


Die Zahlen 11-20 Sayılar 1-20

11  elf 16  sechzehn
12  zwölf 17  siebzehn
13  dreizehn 18  achtzehn
14  vierzehn 19  neunzehn
15  fünfzehn 20  zwanzig

Hören Sie zu! LISTEN TO THE NUMBERS 11-20 in German! RealAudio.

Hören Sie zu! ALL Listening Exercises for Numbers

Die Zahlen 20-100 (by tens)

20  zwanzig 70  siebzig
30  dreißig 80  achtzig
40  vierzig 90  neunzig
50  fünfzig 100  hundert *
60  sechzig * or einhundert

Note: The number sechzig (60) drops the s in sechs. The number siebzig (70) drops the en in sieben. The number dreißig (30) is the only one of the tens that doesn't end with -zig. (dreißig = dreissig)

AUDIO Listen to the numbers above. RealAudio.

AUDIO ALL Listening Exercises for Numbers


Die Zahlen 21-30

21  einundzwanzig 26  sechsundzwanzig
22  zweiundzwanzig 27  siebenundzwanzig
23  dreiundzwanzig 28  achtundzwanzig
24  vierundzwanzig 29  neunundzwanzig
25  fünfundzwanzig 30  dreißig

Note: The number dreißig (30) is the only one of the tens that doesn't end with -zig.

AUDIO Hören Sie zu! The numbers 21-30 in German! RealAudio.

AUDIO All Listening Exercises for the Numbers


Die Zahlen 31-40

31  einunddreißig 36  sechsunddreißig
32  zweiunddreißig 37  siebenunddreißig
33  dreiunddreißig 38  achtunddreißig
34  vierunddreißig 39  neununddreißig
35  fünfunddreißig 40  vierzig

EXERCISES > Practice Your Numbers for this lesson

AUDIO Hören Sie zu! Numbers 31-40 in German! RealAudio.

AUDIO All Listening Exercises for the Numbers


Die Zahlen 41-100 (selected numbers)

41  einundvierzig 86  sechsundachtzig
42  zweiundvierzig 87  siebenundachtzig
53  dreiundfünfzig 98  achtundneunzig
64  vierundsechzig 99  neunundneunzig
75  fünfundsiebzig 100  hundert

 

AUDIO Click on a German phrase to hear it (.wav)
> More Lesson 9 Audio: MP3 or wav

Familienmitglieder - Family Members
Notice in the phrases below that when you talk about a feminine (die) person (or thing), the possessive pronoun mein ends in e. When talking about a masculine (der) person (or thing), mein has no ending in the nominative (subject) case. Other possessive forms (sein, his; dein, your, etc.) work the same way. The final e in German is always pronounced: (meine = MINE-ah)!
Deutsch Englisch
die Mutter - meine Mutter mother - my mother
der Vater - mein Vater father - my father
die Eltern - meine Eltern (pl.) parents - my parents
der Sohn - sein Sohn son - his son
die Tochter - seine Tochter daughter - his daughter
der Bruder - ihr Bruder brother - her brother
die Schwester - seine Schwester sister - his sister
AUDIO (mp3 or wav) for these words
die Geschwister - meine Geschwister (pl.) siblings / brothers & sisters - my brothers and sisters
die Großmutter - meine Großmutter grandmother - my grandmother
die Oma - meine Oma grandma/granny - my grandma
der Großvater - dein Großvater grandfather - your grandfather
der Opa - sein Opa grandpa/gramps - his grandpa
der Enkelsohn - mein Enkelsohn grandson - my grandson
die Enkelin - seine Enkelin granddaughter - his granddaughter

 

AUDIO Hear the words and phrases on this page!

Die FamilieThe Family
Continued
Fragen & Antworten - Questions & Answers
Wie ist Ihr Name? - What's your name?
Deutsch Englisch
Wie heißen Sie? What's your name? (formal)
Ich heiße Braun. My name is Braun. (formal, last name)
AUDIO (mp3 or wav)
for these phrases
Wie heißt du? What's your name? (familiar)
Ich heiße Karla. My name is Karla. (familiar, first name)
Wie heißt er/sie? What's his/her name?
Er heißt Jones. His name is Jones. (formal)
Geschwister? - Siblings?
Haben Sie Geschwister? Do you have any brothers or sisters?
Ja, ich habe einen Bruder und eine Schwester. Yes, I have a / one brother and a / one sister.
Notice that you add -en to ein when you say you have a brother, and an -e for a sister. We'll discuss the grammar for this in a future lesson. For now, just learn this as vocabulary.
AUDIO (mp3 or wav) for these phrases
MORE FAMILY VOCABULARY > Family Glossary
Nein, ich habe keine Geschwister. No, I don't have any brothers or sisters.
Ja, ich habe zwei Schwestern. Yes, I have two sisters.
Wie heißt dein Bruder? What's your brother's name?
Er heißt Jens. His name is Jens. (informal)
Wie alt? - How old?
Wie alt ist dein Bruder? How old is your brother?
Er ist zehn Jahre alt. He is ten years old.
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Wie alt bist du? Kaç yaşındasın How old are you? (fam.)
Ich bin zwanzig Jahre alt. Ben 20 yaşındayım I'm twenty years old.